King James Version
1 Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on
the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and
his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the
enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it
was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them
that hated them;)
2 The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities
throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand
on such as sought their hurt: and no man could withstand them;
for the fear of them fell upon all people.
3 And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and
the deputies, and officers of the king, helped the Jews; because
the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.
4 For Mordecai was great in the king's house, and his fame went
out throughout all the provinces: for this man Mordecai waxed
greater and greater.
5 Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the
sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would
unto those that hated them.
6 And in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and destroyed five
7 And Parshandatha, and Dalphon, and Aspatha,
8 And Poratha, and Adalia, and Aridatha,
9 And Parmashta, and Arisai, and Aridai, and Vajezatha,
10 The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the
Jews, slew they; but on the spoil laid they not their hand.
11 On that day the number of those that were slain in Shushan
the palace was brought before the king.
12 And the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have slain
and destroyed five hundred men in Shushan the palace, and the
ten sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king's
provinces? now what is thy petition? and it shall be granted
thee: or what is thy request further? and it shall be done.
13 Then said Esther, If it please the king, let it be granted to
the Jews which are in Shushan to do tomorrow also according unto
this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the
14 And the king commanded it so to be done: and the decree was
given at Shushan; and they hanged Haman's ten sons.
15 For the Jews that were in Shushan gathered themselves
together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew
three hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not
16 But the other Jews that were in the king's provinces gathered
themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest
from their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five
thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey,
17 On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the
fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of
feasting and gladness.
18 But the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on the
thirteenth day thereof; and on the fourteenth thereof; and on
the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of
feasting and gladness.
19 Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the
unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day
of gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending
portions one to another.
20 And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all
the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus,
both nigh and far,
21 To stablish this among them, that they should keep the
fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the
22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and
the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and
from mourning into a good day: that they should make them days
of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and
gifts to the poor.
23 And the Jews undertook to do as they had begun, and as
Mordecai had written unto them;
24 Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy
of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them,
and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to
25 But when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letters
that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews,
should return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should
be hanged on the gallows.
26 Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur.
Therefore for all the words of this letter, and of that which
they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come unto
27 The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed,
and upon all such as joined themselves unto them, so as it
should not fail, that they would keep these two days according
to their writing, and according to their appointed time every
28 And that these days should be remembered and kept throughout
every generation, every family, every province, and every city;
and that these days of Purim should not fail from among the
Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed.
29 Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai
the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter
30 And he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred
twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with
words of peace and truth,
31 To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed,
according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined
them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed,
the matters of the fastings and their cry.
32 And the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim;
and it was written in the book.1
References and notes
1. King James Authorized Version
2. CLARKE'S COMMENTARY
- ESTHER 1 - http://www.godrules.net/library/clarke/clarkeest1.htm
- ESTHER 9 - http://www.godrules.net/library/clarke/clarkeest9.htm
4. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia -