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Book of Psalms
King James Version
1 O sing unto the LORD a new song: sing unto the LORD, all the earth.
9 O worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness: fear before him, all the earth.
10 Say among the heathen that the LORD reigneth: the world also shall be established that it shall not be moved: he shall judge the people righteously.
11 Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof.
12 Let the field be joyful, and all that is therein: then shall all the trees of the wood rejoice
13 Before the LORD: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth.1
1 Three times we are here called to sing unto the Lord. Let this song be sung constantly, not only in the times appointed for the solemn feasts, but from day to day; it is a subject that can never be exhausted.2 Let all the earth lift up one common psalm as with one heart and voice unto Jehovah, who hath visited it with his salvation.3
2 We may well bless him who so divinely blesses us.3 Bless his name, speak well of him, that you may bring others to think well of him.2 Let us proclaim the glad tidings, or preach the gospel of his salvation continually.3 His salvation, which was to be wrought out by the Lord Jesus, must be shown forth as the cause of this joy and praise.2
3 This salvation was, in the Old-Testament times a glory to be revealed; but in the fulness of time it was declared. What was then discovered was declared only among the Jews, but it is now declared among the heathen, among all people; the nations which long sat in darkness now see this great light. The apostles' commission to preach the gospel to every creature is copied from this: Declare his glory among the heathen.2
4 Jehovah is no petty deity, presiding, as the heathen imagined their gods to do, over some one nation, or one department of nature. Jehovah is great in power and dominion, great in mind and act; in all things he is infinite. Even if the graven images had been gods they could not have borne comparison for an instant with the God of Israel, and therefore his worship, should be far more zealous than any which has been rendered to them.3
6 Honour and majesty are with Jehovah and with him alone. In His presence real glory and sovereignty abide, as constant attendants. Men can but mimic these things; their pompous pageants are but the pretence of greatness. In Him are combined all that is mighty and lovely, powerful and resplendent. Not in outward show or parade of costly robes does the glory of God consist; such things are tricks of state with which the ignorant are dazzled; holiness, justice, wisdom, grace, these are the splendours of Jehovah's courts, these the jewels and the gold, the regalia, and the pomp of the courts of heaven.3
7 The first six verses commenced with an exhortation to sing, three times repeated, with the name of the Lord thrice mentioned; here we meet with the expression "Give unto the Lord", used in the same triple manner. This is after the manner of those poets whose flaming sonnets have best won the ear of, the people, they reiterate choice words till they penetrate the soul and fire the heart. Divided into tribes and families, we are called in our courses and order to appear before him and ascribe to him worship and honour. Give unto the LORD glory and strength, that is to say, recognise the glory and power of Jehovah, and ascribe them unto him in your solemn hymns.3
8 All conceivable honour is due to our Creator, Preserver, Benefactor, and Redeemer, and however much of zealous homage we may offer to him, we cannot give him more than his due. To him who gives us all, we ought gladly to give our grateful tithe. When assembling for public worship we should make a point of bringing with us a contribution to his cause, according to that ancient word, "None of you shall appear before me empty."3
9 Beauty of architecture and apparel He does not regard; moral and spiritual beauty is that in which his soul delighteth. Worship must not be rendered to God in a slovenly, sinful, superficial manner; we must be reverent, sincere, earnest, and pure in heart both in our prayers and praises. The psalmist calls all the earth to "fear" before Jehovah. "Tremble" is the word in the original, and it expresses the profoundest awe, just as the word "worship" does, which would be more accurately translated by "bow down."3 They who enter into the presence of a king presently fall on their knees in token of submission and homage; in the presence of your King do the same.4
10 The gladdest news which can be carried to the heathen is that the Lord Jehovah, in the person of his Son has assumed the throne, and taken to himself his great power. Society is safe where God is king, no revolutions shall convulse his empire, no invasions shall disturb his kingdom. Sin has shaken the world, the reign of Jesus will set it fast again upon sure foundations.3 Christ's government will be incontestably just and righteous.2
11 Above and below let the joy be manifested. Let the angels who have stood in amaze at the wickedness of men, now rejoice over their repentance and restoration to favour, and let men themselves express their pleasure in seeing their true prince set upon his throne. Let there be no more a troubled sea, wailing over shipwrecked mariners, and rehearsing the griefs of widows and orphans, but let it adopt a cheerful note, and rejoice in the kingdom of the Lord. Let it thunder out the name of the Lord when its tides are at its full, and let all its teeming life express the utmost joy because the Lord reigneth even in the depth of the sea.3
12 All nature is invited to share in the praise of God when Christ comes to usher in the eternal reign of righteousness.5 Let the cultivated plains praise the Lord. Both men, and creatures that graze the plain, and the crops themselves are represented as swelling the praises of Jehovah. The psalmist does not say, let the trees of the wood rejoice, but they shall do so.3
13 The repetition of the phrase "for he (the Lord) cometh" lends force and animation to the passage. The coming of Christ will inaugurate His kingdom of righteousness.5 He will judge with honesty, veracity and integrity. Judgment will be given without fear or favour. In all this let the nations be glad, and the universe rejoice.3 Christ's coming to judgment will result in the establishment of moral order in the earth and the inauguration of eternal peace and happiness.5
References and notes
1. King James Authorized Version
2. Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible - http:// bible. crosswalk .com/ Commentaries
3. Charles H. Spurgeon, "The Treasury of David" - http:// bible. crosswalk .com/ Commentaries
4. Adam Clarke's Bible Commentary - www. godrules .net/ library/ clarke/ clarke.htm
5. SDA Bible Commentary Vol. 3 pg 851
6. Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament - http:// www. studylight .org/com/ bcc/view .cgi?book =ps& chapter =096
7. COMMENTARY ON THE BOOK OF PSALMS BY JOHN CALVIN - http:// www.ccel. org/ccel/ calvin/ calcom11. all.html#v
8. MISSIONS IN THE PSALMS - http:// www.abide inchrist. com/ messages/ ps96v1.html